Legal Status of CBD in Europa


The German Narcotics Law does not explicitly mention CBD (Cannabidiol) as a substance under strict control and regulation. An update was issued in 2004 and exceptions included an amendment that allows the use of hemp (cannabis) only if the THC content does not exceed 0.2 percent. Both EU (European Union) and German Narcotics legislation harmonise and agree that CBD oil is legal in Germany. 


Hemp cultivation in France has a long history and laws show that hemp and CBD are legal in France. Hemp CBD oil with less than (maximum) 0.2% THC is allowed.  


Although cannabis (with THC) is "actually" illegal, Amsterdam has a so-called Tolerance Policy. This policy does not allow the sale of cannabis, BUT the Public Prosecutor does not prosecute this offence in coffeeshops. So there is a semi-graceful area where not more than 5 grams of cannabis may be sold at a time. Since hempseed and CBD do not explicitly fall under the Dutch narcotics legislation, hemp CBD oil is legal in the Netherlands.

Great Britain 

Currently, CBD products from hemp are only legal in the UK if they are sold as a food supplement and do not make medicinal claims. The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) has issued a ruling on products containing Cannabidiol (CBD). If products make medical claims, then these products need a licence to be marketed before it is legal to sell CBD. 

Since the MHRA has not explicitly stated that CBD used as a "dietary supplement" requires a marketing authorisation, the purchase of CBD is risk-free.   


In both Spain and Europe, EU law places certain restrictions on how farmers can grow hemp. The restrictions on growing industrial hemp are that it must not contain more than 0.2% THC when dry. Since CBD is not psychotropic, it is not covered by the 1971 UN Convention on Psychotropic Substances. So CBD is legal and THC remains illegal.  


As of 2017, Italian law number 242 initiated the "provisions to promote the cultivation of industrial hemp." Industrial hemp may be grown if the THC content is 0.6% or less. This law was initiated with the intention of making a historic return for the cultivation of industrial hemp and products with less than 0.6% THC.


In 1951, the Federal Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances Act (cc 812.121) was put together and as of 2018, the law is still in effect. This law states that any hemp plant with a total average THC content of 1.0% or less is permitted and legal. As with these regulations, there is no explicit law stating that CBD (cannabidiol) is not allowed. Therefore, if there is no law prohibiting a specific compound, it is allowed. Switzerland is a member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), and participated in the negotiation of the European Economic Area (EEA) Agreement with the European Union.  


The Austrian law only has a restriction for "psychotropic" cannabis. Cited in the Austrian Narcotics Act, there is no restriction on CBD in Austria. CBD oil is legal in Austria because CBD is not psychotropic.


According to the Belgian Federal Drug Act, cannabis restrictions limit you to 3.5 grams of cannabis or less. Since cannabis is legal, up to a certain limit, CBD is legal in Belgium. 


According to Luxembourg's laws, cannabis is legal if it contains less than 0.3% THC. CBD oil is legal in Luxembourg.


Danish law states that cannabis use is limited to medical and scientific purposes. 

Under current legislation, you must have a doctor's note to use cannabis in any form.


Maltese legislation imposed certain restrictions on cannabis and CBD in 2015. Under Maltese law, any cannabinoid extracted from any form of cannabis (marijuana or hemp) is subject to the updates of the Drug Dependence Act of 2018. This law legalises medical cannabis for prescription use only. If you have a doctor's prescription, you are able to legally use CBD in Malta.  


According to the laws in Poland, there is no restriction preventing the use of CBD. Hemp strains containing less than 0.2% THC have been cultivated in Poland for hundreds of years. CBD oil is legal in Poland. 


According to Portuguese law, there is no explicit ban on CBD. CBD is legal in Portugal.   


Finnish law prohibits psychoactive substances. CBD oil is legal because CBD is not psychoactive and is not explicitly mentioned as a prohibited substance.  


According to Greek law, CBD hemp is excluded from drug control. CBD oil is legal in Greece if it contains less than 0.2% THC.


According to Hungarian law, cannabis with less than 0.2% THC is considered hemp. CBD oil is legal in Hungary.


According to Irish law, cannabis varieties with 0.2% THC or less are allowed. If the CBD oil has less than 0.2% THC, then it is permitted under EU law and is not explicitly prohibited by Ireland.


According to Latvian law, the cultivation or cultivation of Indian Cannabis is not permitted. However, seed hemp may be grown for fibre and seed production. If CBD oil is not explicitly prohibited, CBD is allowed.  


Under Lithuanian laws, hemp cultivation was legalised in 2014. Is CBD oil legal in Lithuania? Yes, since industrial hemp cultivation is legal, CBD is also legal because it is not explicitly prohibited.


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